Python实战-编写web-app-day12-编写日志列表页

Python实战 木人张 6个月前 (04-24) 75次浏览 0个评论 扫描二维码

MVVM模式不但可用于Form表单,在复杂的管理页面中也能大显身手。例如,分页显示Blog的功能,我们先把后端代码写出来:
在apis.py中定义一个Page类用于存储分页信息:

class Page(object):
    '''
    Page object for display pages.
    '''

    def __init__(self, item_count, page_index=1, page_size=8):
        '''
        Init Pagination by item_count, page_index and page_size.

        >>> p1 = Page(100, 1)
        >>> p1.page_count
        10
        >>> p1.offset
        0
        >>> p1.limit
        10
        >>> p2 = Page(90, 9, 10)
        >>> p2.page_count
        9
        >>> p2.offset
        80
        >>> p2.limit
        10
        >>> p3 = Page(91, 10, 10)
        >>> p3.page_count
        10
        >>> p3.offset
        90
        >>> p3.limit
        10
        '''
        self.item_count = item_count
        self.page_size = page_size
        self.page_count = item_count // page_size + (1 if item_count % page_size > 0 else 0)
        if (item_count == 0) or (page_index > self.page_count):
            self.offset = 0
            self.limit = 0
            self.page_index = 1
        else:
            self.page_index = page_index
            self.offset = self.page_size * (page_index - 1)
            self.limit = self.page_size
        self.has_next = self.page_index < self.page_count
        self.has_previous = self.page_index > 1

    def __str__(self):
        return 'item_count: %s, page_count: %s, page_index: %s, page_size: %s, offset: %s, limit: %s' % (self.item_count, self.page_count, self.page_index, self.page_size, self.offset, self.limit)

    __repr__ = __str__

在handlers.py中实现API:

## 获取日志列表API
@get('/api/blogs')
async def api_blogs(*, page='1'):
    page_index = get_page_index(page)
    num = await Blog.findNumber('count(id)')
    p = Page(num, page_index)
    if num == 0:
        return dict(page=p, blogs=())
    blogs = await Blog.findAll(orderBy='created_at desc', limit=(p.offset, p.limit))
    return dict(page=p, blogs=blogs)

在www/templates下创建blogs.html:

<!-- 继承父模板 '__base__.html' -->
{% extends '__base__.html' %}
<!--jinja2 title 块内容替换-->
{% block title %}凹大卜{% endblock %}
<!--jinja2 beforehead 块内容替换-->
{% block beforehead %}

{% endblock %}

<!--jinja2 content 块内容替换-->
{% block content %}
    <[email protected]是大于中等尺寸屏幕时显示的UI-->
    <!--日志列表内容-->
    <div class="uk-grid  [email protected]">
    <div class="uk-width-3-4">
    {% for blog in blogs %}
        <article class="uk-article">
            <h3><a href="/blog/{{ blog.id }}">{{ blog.name }}</a></h3>
            <p class="uk-article-meta">发表于{{ blog.created_at|datetime }}</p>
            <p>{{ blog.summary }}</p>
            <p><a href="/blog/{{ blog.id }}">继续阅读 <i class="uk-icon-angle-double-right"></i></a></p>
        </article>
        <hr>
    {% endfor %}
    <!--分页导航栏,在父模板的开头定义过-->
    {{ pagination(page) }}
    </div>

    <[email protected]是大于中等尺寸屏幕时显示的UI-->
    <!--右边侧导航栏-->
    <div class="uk-width-1-4 [email protected]">
            <h4>站内搜索</h4>
            <FORM method=GET action="https://www.google.com/search">
                <div class="uk-inline">
                    <a class="uk-form-icon uk-form-icon-flip" href="#" uk-icon="search"></a>
                    <INPUT class="uk-input" TYPE=text name=q placeholder="站内搜索" size=31 maxlength=255 value="">
                </div>
                <font size=-1>
                    <INPUT TYPE=hidden name=domains value="woodmanzhang.com"><br>
                    <INPUT TYPE=hidden name=sitesearch value="woodmanzhang.com"></br>
                </font>
                <button TYPE=submit name=btnG class="uk-button uk-button-default"> SEARCH</button>

            </FORM>


            <h4>亲密链接</h4>
            <ul class="uk-list uk-list-divider">
                    <li><a target="_blank" href="https://woodmanzhang.com/" rel="noopener noreferrer">木人张</a></li>
                   
            </ul>
    </div>
    </div>

    <[email protected]是小于中等尺寸屏幕时显示的UI-->
    <!--移动屏幕时日志列表排版-->
    <div class="[email protected]">
    {% for blog in blogs %}
        <article class="uk-article">
            <h5><a href="/blog/{{ blog.id }}">{{ blog.name }}</a></h5>
            <p class="uk-article-meta">发表于{{ blog.created_at|datetime }}</p>
            <p>{{ blog.summary }}</p>
            <p><a href="/blog/{{ blog.id }}">继续阅读 <i class="uk-icon-angle-double-right"></i></a></p>
        </article>
        <hr>
    {% endfor %}
    <!--分页导航栏,在父模板的开头定义过-->
    {{ pagination(page) }}
    </div>


{% endblock %}

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